GCSEs ought to be scrapped and A-levels ought to be changed by a mixture of tutorial and vocational topics, says Robert Halfon, chairman of the Training Choose Committee.
His radical rewriting of England’s examination system is designed to offer younger folks a wider vary of abilities for his or her working lives.
The previous Tory minister says GCSEs for 16-year-olds have turn out to be “pointless”.
The Division for Training defended GCSEs as “gold normal” exams.
However head academics’ chief Geoff Barton mentioned the concepts had a “lot of benefit”.
Mr Halfon, who is because of current his blueprint at an occasion run by the Edge vocational schooling charity, needs to finish what he sees as an excessively slender tutorial pathway in secondary faculties.
Broader vary of topics
As a substitute of taking tutorial topics at GCSE and A-level, he needs younger folks to have a broader curriculum, with vocational coaching alongside conventional topics.
The MP is proposing a baccalaureate system to interchange A-levels, with a mixture of arts, sciences and vocational topics and exams on the age of 18.
“Do away with GCSEs, which appear to me pointless. As a substitute there ought to be some type of evaluation to indicate how far you are progressing,” he says.
“I might somewhat that each one the focus ought to be on the ultimate examination earlier than you allow.”
Mr Halfon says England has been trapped in a false division between tutorial and vocational examine – and that is failing to arrange younger folks for technological adjustments within the office.
“The march of the robots” and the acceleration of synthetic intelligence may take away 1 / 4 of jobs, he says.
He suggest says there ought to be a royal fee on tips on how to put together for the impression of synthetic intelligence and robotics.
“I believe it will be dramatic. It’s going to change the best way we train, change the best way we study and have an enormous impression on jobs and abilities.”
The previous schooling minister says younger individuals are leaving faculty with out the talents wanted for work, concurrently trade is complaining of abilities shortages.
However scrapping GCSEs may elevate questions for secondary faculties with out sixth kinds – which beneath the proposed adjustments would not have the main target of any public exams.
It will additionally imply, because the elimination of AS-levels, younger folks would apply to college with out having the outcomes of any public exams.
It will additionally elevate questions on what would occur to younger individuals who at present take GCSEs however don’t remain to take exams on the age of 18.
However Geoff Barton, chief of the ASCL head academics’ union, backed the underlying precept.
“GCSEs are a product of a unique period when many younger folks left schooling on the age of 16, however that is not the case, and younger folks are actually anticipated to stay in full-time schooling or coaching till the age of 18.
“It will subsequently make quite a lot of sense to interchange GCSEs with some kind of light-touch evaluation which might assist decide post-16 routes somewhat than persisting with high-stakes GCSEs.”
Alice Barnard, chief govt of the Edge Basis, mentioned the plans mirrored the “issues not solely of oldsters, academics and pupils themselves, however employers and enterprise leaders”.
“Expertise is transferring at such a fast tempo and alter taking place so shortly, we’re failing younger folks if we don’t allow them to develop the adaptability and the vital abilities they want,” she mentioned.
There have been earlier makes an attempt to mix vocational and tutorial pathways – resembling Sir Mike Tomlinson’s assessment of exams and the diplomas launched beneath the final Labour authorities.
Mr Halfon says he would count on a “huge backlash” in opposition to such a change to GCSEs and A-levels.
A spokesman for the Division for Training mentioned vocational choices had been improved, with apprenticeships and the brand new T-level technical qualifications.
He defended the worth of GCSEs as “the gold normal qualification at age 16 and a passport to additional examine and employability”.
“They have been just lately reformed in order that their demand matches that in different excessive performing international locations and higher put together college students for work and additional examine.”