Some London state faculties ship extra pupils to Oxford and Cambridge than non-public faculties in different components of England, analysis suggests.
“A subset of elite state faculties are contributing to the London and South East of England bias,” says a examine by King’s Faculty London researchers.
“At post-16, these faculties are complete in title solely,” mentioned researcher Sol Gamsu.
The analysis describes a focus of elite faculties within the South East.
The paper, to be offered to a Royal Geographical Society worldwide convention later this month, maps the variety of pupils despatched to Oxford and Cambridge by various kinds of college from completely different areas.
It has lengthy been recognized that college students from faculties in London and the South East are disproportionately overrepresented at each Oxford and Cambridge, says the examine.
Utilizing Division for Training information, it identifies the extent that entry to England’s two high universities varies between areas.
Total, contemplating each state and personal faculties collectively:
- interior London sends 1.89 instances extra college students to Oxbridge than the nationwide common
- the South East sends 1.46 instances extra college students
- outer London faculties ship 1.37 extra college students.
However different areas of England are underrepresented:
- Within the North East faculties ship zero.44 of the nationwide common to Oxbridge
- Within the North West the determine is zero.57
- and within the East Midlands it’s zero.59.
When the figures had been damaged down additional, in response to college sort, the examine discovered state faculties within the South East despatched 1.43 instances extra college students than the nationwide common to Oxford and Cambridge,
In outer London, the determine is 1.24 instances as many.
However non-public faculties in areas together with Yorkshire and Humber, the East Midlands and the North East despatched about half as many because the nationwide common, the examine – which has not but been printed on-line – discovered.
Some Oxbridge “feeder faculties” ship as much as 30% of their consumption to the 2 universities, say the researchers.
“These are nonetheless largely the elite of the non-public sector, however this record additionally consists of what have principally develop into elite sixth-form faculties,” mentioned Mr Gamsu.
Mr Gamsu mentioned London gentrification and selective sixth kinds had contributed to the rise of “super-state” faculties.
“The capital’s speedy financial and social change lies behind the rise of those faculties,” he mentioned.
“London’s housing market has resulted within the value of accessing sought-after comprehensives in gentrified neighbourhoods rising past the technique of many much less prosperous residents.”
Mr Gamsu cited north London’s Camden College for Ladies and Fortismere College, in Muswell Hill, as examples.
A report earlier this yr by London Councils mentioned that final yr 64,953 younger Londoners had progressed to larger schooling, up four% on the earlier yr.
“Whereas that is excellent news, extra nonetheless must be executed to make sure everybody could make the journey from college or school to larger schooling,” that report added.
The Division for Training identified that, in a bid to widen entry, the Higher Education and Research Bill would require larger schooling suppliers to publish purposes, provides and completion charges damaged down by gender, ethnic background and socio-economic class.
“There ought to be no barrier to any kid’s ambitions and we’re already seeing report numbers of deprived younger folks going to school.
“We wish to go additional and guarantee we’re constructing a society that works for everybody,” mentioned a spokeswoman.