Males have at all times held nearly all of tech jobs in america, however in 1990 it appeared like ladies have been making headway. Girls held 31 % of all tech jobs again then, a share that was steadily rising, in response to a brand new report from america Census Bureau.
Then the trade boomed. The variety of jobs in info expertise elevated tenfold to four.6 million between 1970 and 2014. Due to the web, the variety of several types of jobs exploded. Pay grew, too.
And one thing humorous occurred. The proportion of ladies in tech declined. By 2014, only a quarter of those employees have been ladies. That’s even supposing rising numbers of ladies have been becoming a member of the U.S. workforce.
What’s up? Rather a lot has been written already a few long-standing bias in opposition to ladies in tech that begins when women are younger and by no means actually stops.
However, to paraphrase the Republican candidate for president: One thing else is occurring. When a profession turns into extra prestigious, ladies don’t fare very effectively.
Claire Cain Miller wrote about this in The New York Instances earlier this 12 months. However she targeted on the other finish: When ladies enter male-dominated fields, she reported, pay in that discipline declines. When extra ladies began working in recreation (parks or camps) between 1950 and 2000, hourly wages fell 57 %, in response to a examine she cites within the article.
When a job turns into dominated by ladies, “It simply doesn’t appear to be it’s as vital to the underside line or requires as a lot talent, ” Paula England, a sociology professor at New York College, advised the Instances. “Gender bias sneaks into these choices.”
The reverse additionally holds, because the story famous on the time. When males enter female-dominated fields, pay in that discipline rises. Within the case of IT employees, ladies by no means have been a majority, but because the variety of jobs grew and the status of the trade elevated, extra males got here on board and basically took over. The proportion of ladies in IT fell.
So, to sum up: When ladies enter a discipline, its perceived worth suffers a decline; when males enter a discipline, it grows in status.
Step by step, the picture of the best tech employee has grow to be that of a white man in a hoodie working nonstop at a pc. Girls have grow to be more and more alienated from that state of affairs.
H/T Fast Company